Tuesday, July 10, 2018

How To Get Rid Of Cold

If you catch a cold, you can expect to be sick for one to two weeks. That doesn't mean you have to be miserable. Besides getting enough rest, these remedies might help you feel better:

Stay hydrated. Water, juice, clear broth or warm lemon water with honey helps loosen congestion and prevents dehydration. Avoid alcohol, coffee and caffeinated sodas, which can make dehydration worse.

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Rest.Your body needs to heal.
Soothe a sore throat. A saltwater gargle — 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon salt dissolved in an 8-ounce glass of warm water — can temporarily relieve a sore or scratchy throat. Children younger than 6 years are unlikely to be able to gargle properly.

You can also try ice chips, sore throat sprays, lozenges or hard candy. Use caution when giving lozenges or hard candy to children because they can choke on them. Don't give lozenges or hard candy to children younger than 6 years.

Combat stuffiness. Over-the-counter saline nasal drops and sprays can help relieve stuffiness and congestion. In infants, experts recommend putting several saline drops into one nostril, then gently suctioning that nostril with a bulb syringe. To do this, squeeze the bulb, gently place the syringe tip in the nostril about 1/4 to 1/2 inch (about 6 to 12 millimeters) and slowly release the bulb. Saline nasal sprays may be used in older children.
Relieve pain. For children 6 months or younger, give only acetaminophen. For children older than 6 months, give either acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Ask your child's doctor for the correct dose for your child's age and weight. Adults can take acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or aspirin.

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Use caution when giving aspirin to children or teenagers. Though aspirin is approved for use in children older than age 3, children and teenagers recovering from chickenpox or flu-like symptoms should never take aspirin. This is because aspirin has been linked to Reye's syndrome, a rare but potentially life-threatening condition, in such children.

Sip warm liquids. A cold remedy used in many cultures, taking in warm liquids, such as chicken soup, tea or warm apple juice, might be soothing and might ease congestion by increasing mucus flow.
Add moisture to the air. A cool-mist vaporizer or humidifier can add moisture to your home, which might help loosen congestion. Change the water daily, and clean the unit according to the manufacturer's instructions.
Try over-the-counter (OTC) cold and cough medications. For adults and children older than age 5, OTC decongestants, antihistamines and pain relievers might offer some symptom relief. However, they won't prevent a cold or shorten its duration, and most have some side effects.

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Experts agree that these shouldn't be given to younger children. Overuse and misuse of these medications can cause serious damage. Talk with your child's doctor before giving any medications.

Take medications only as directed. Some cold remedies contain multiple ingredients, such as a decongestant plus a pain reliever, so read the labels of cold medications you take to make sure you're not taking too much of any medication.

Cold remedies that don't work

how to get rid of cold

Antibiotics. These attack bacteria, but they're no help against cold viruses. Avoid asking your doctor for antibiotics for a cold or using old antibiotics you have on hand. You won't get well any faster, and inappropriate use of antibiotics contributes to the serious and growing problem of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

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Over-the-counter cold and cough medications in young children. OTC cold and cough medications may cause serious and even life-threatening side effects in children. Talk with your child's doctor before giving any medications.

How To Get Rid Of Sore Throat

1. Take anti-inflammatories

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Paracetamol is better for children, but adults can take ibuprofen to get any swelling down.

Children under 16 shouldn't take aspirin.

2. Lozenges and sprays

These can work, as lozenges encourage saliva production, helping keep the throat moist.

Choose ones with a cooling ingredient for extra relief.

Hard sweets, ice cubes or ice lollies also work.

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Other ways to ease a sore throat
1. Gargle in saltwater
Gargling in salt water several times a day helps reduce swelling in the throat and losens any mucus helping to flush out your bacteria.

Dissolve half a teaspoon of salt in one cup of water.

If the salt is too much add a small touch of honey. Spit the water out after gargling and do not swallow it.

2. Drink more fluids

Drink plenty of cool or warm fluids, as you need to keep hydrated.

Avoid very hot drinks.

To test if you are drinking enough, check your urine. If it's clear or pale that means you are drinking enough. Darker urine means you need to drink more.

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Water works, ice cubes, you can also have watered down fruit juice or a broth.

3. Drink tea

If you're tired of all that water, you can also drink tea.

Herbal tea can give relief, but the black, green or white tea leaves, contain antioxidants that are thought to strengthen immunity and ward off infections.

You can also add a boost of honey. As Mary Poppins said 'it helps the medicine go down'.

4. Does chicken soup work?

Everyone has been told one time or another, by their mum or gran, to try chicken soup. Does it actually help though?

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It can help ease a sore throat as doctors believe sodium has anti-inflammatory properties, it also feels good and eases your throat.

There's also the added benefit of it nourishing you when you probably don't feel like eating much.

5. Marshmallows

Yes, marshmallows. There's no hard evidence this works, but the sap from the marshmallow plant has been used - normally as a tea - to treat coughs, colds and sore throats. The real marshmallow looks nothing like the sweet treats we are used to, but both could help.

People have argued the gelatin in the sweets coats and soothes.

how to get rid of sore throat

6. Rest

Sleep is your best remedy. If you can stay in bed, and rest up.

Most sore throats are caused by a cough or cold so can be cured by fixing that first.

7. Nasal rinsing
Filling your nose with salt water doesn't sound very nice, but it can help.

There is research to back this up.

In 2008 children who rinsed with nasal water six times a day felt some relief from cold symptoms.

Remember, that rinsing may also wash away any protective mucus that has built up.

8. Humidifier to help you breathe
Sometimes your throat is hurting because the air is dry. You've probably heard of a de-humidifier, well, this does the opposite and fills the air with moisture.

9. Honey helps the medicine go down

A spoonful of honey in your drinks will ease your symptoms.

10. Make an ice lolly

If you're just in too much pain, make ice lollies.

Licking the ice lolly will ease your aching throat and numbs the area.